Sayyid Qutb

Sayyid Qutb (9 October 1906 – 29 August 1966) was an Egyptian author, educator, Islamic theorist, poet, and the leading member of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1966 he was convicted of plotting the assassination of Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser and was executed by hanging.

Author of 24 books, including novels, literary arts critique and works on education, he is best known in the Muslim world for his work on what he believed to be the social and political role of Islam, particularly in his books Social Justice and Ma’alim fi al-Tariq (Milestones). His magnum opus, Fi Zilal al-Quran (In the Shade of the Qur’an), is a 30-volume commentary on the Quran.

سيد قطب (9/10/1906-29/8/1966) مؤلف ومعلم ومفكر اسلامي وشاعر مصري ومن ابرز قادة الاخوان المسلمين في مصر في خمسينات وستينات القرن الماضي. اتهم في عام 1966 بالتخطيط لاغتيال الرئيس المصري السابق جمال عبد الناصر واعدم شنقا.
الف 24 كتاب من ضمنها روايات وكتب ادبيه وكتب تعليم واشتهر في العالم الاسلامي باعماله التي اعتقد انها مؤثره في دور الاسلام السياسي خاصة في كتابه العداله الاجتماعيه ومعالم في الطريق.
اعظم كتبه كان في ظلال القرآن وهو عباره عن 30 مجلد في شرح القرآن.
During most of his life, Qutb’s inner circle mainly consisted of influential politicians, intellectuals, poets and literary figures, both of his age and of the preceding generation. By the mid-1940s, many of his writings were officially among the curricula of schools, colleges and universities.
تكونت معظم حياة السيد قطب من مخالطة السياسيين البارزين والمفكرين والشعراء من جيله ومن مما هم اكبر منه سنا. في الاربعينات من القرن الماضي وصلت الكثير من مؤلفاته الى مناهج الدراسه في المدارس والكليات والجامعات.

Even though most of his observations and criticism were leveled at the Muslim world, Qutb is also known for his intense disapproval of the society and culture of the United States, which he saw as obsessed with materialism, violence, and sexual pleasures. Views on Qutb vary widely. He has been described by followers as a great thinker and martyr for Islam, while many Western observers see him as a key originator of Islamist ideology. Others in the West believe Qutb is an inspiration for violent groups such as al-Qaeda.
بالرغم ان معظم ملاحظات وانتقادات سيد قطب قد وجهت ضد العالم الاسلامي الا ان سيد قطب قد وجه نقده الحاد ورفضه للمجتمع في الولايات المتحده والذي تركز على الماده والعنف والاستمتاع الجنسي.النظرات للسيد قطب تفاوتت. وصف من قبل اتباعه بانه مفكر بارع وشهيد الاسلام, الا ان الكثير من المراقبين الغربيين ينظرون له بانه مؤسس الفكر الاسلامي. الكثير في الغرب يرى السيد قطب انه ملهم للجماعاه المتطرفه العنيفه مثل القاعده.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sayyid_Qutb

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