How the teachings of Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi led to the creation of ISIS

18:27 Abu Muhammad al Maqdisi teaches Salafi Islam as presented by Ibn Tayymiyah.

19:50 Maqdisi book, Millat Ibrahim showcases Maqdisi’s belief and asserts that whoever does not subscribe to this belief is an infidel.

22:26 The lesson that Zarqawi learned from Maqdisi was to reject those who don’t accept the salafi-jihadi beliefs.

23:04 Zarqawi, while not controlled by Maqdisi, fully embraces the salafi-jihadi philosophy.

41:30 Shiite Northern Alliance in Herat, Afghanistan surrounded Zarqawi’s forces during the US bombing on Afghanistan. Zarqawi regarded the shiite fighters as apostates.

43:32 Zarqawi declares in a speech “We will go on killing their leaders and cutting off their heads”

9:10 Zarqawi went from Herat back to Kandaharand then to Tora Bora Mountains then Pakistan. In Tehran, with Sunni Iranians, he established two bases and used a building that belonged to Gulbuddin Hekmatyr as his headquarters. The Iranians arrested his fighters for three months. During that time Zarqawi began planning to enter Iraq.

15:14 Zarqawi entered Kurdistan in Iraq and made an agreement with the leader of Ansar Al Islam to train and arm his men until he finishes building his bases.

15:40 Zarqawi built two bases in Kurdistan one in Darghash Khan and the other in Sirgat. Zarqawi headed to Baghdad to start preparing for his men to enter Baghdad.
After an Israeli businessman and an American person were killed in Amman Jordan, the Jordanian Intelligence linked the killings to Zarqawi and the Kurdish Ansar Al Islam group.
A Jordanian, Libyan and a Palestinian were arrested in Jordan, and the FBI was the agency that presented the documents alleging that the men worked for Zarqawi.

Zarqawi’s war led to the creation of ISIS

Abu Musaab al Zarqawi went to Afghanistan the first time to join the Jihad movement against the Soviets in the late 1980s.

Abu Mohammad Almaqdisi the author of “Millat Ibrahim”, a book declaring Arab rulers as apostates, met Zarqawi who was traveling through Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Zarqawi and Maqdisi were Jordanians but considered the King of Jordan to be an apostate and a friend of the infidel West. Both men conspired to go back to Jordan and form a group to spread their version of radical Islam and attack the Jordanian government and all foreign interests there.

Zarqawi and Maqdisi were arrested by the Jordanian government in 1996 and charged with attempting to overthrow the government and were sentenced to life in prison.

Zarqawi was radicalized by Maqdisi in prison, through his teaching of rejection of any Muslim that does not prescribe to their belief. Maqdisi emphasized the apostasy of the shiite sect of Islam.

In 1999 Zarqawi and Maqdisi were released from jail when the new king Abdullah took office. Upon their release, Zarqawi decided to head back to Afghanistan to continue his Jihad while Maqdisi chose to stay in Jordan.

Zarqawi established two training campsin Afghanian and one of them was in Herat on the border with Iran. After the September 11 attacks and the US coalition attacked Afghanistan, Zarqawi’s camp was surrounded by a Shia Northern Alliance group that killed and arrested many of his men. This incident solidified Zarqawi hatred to the Shia and swore to fight them.

Zarqawi was forced to move out and traveled to Iraq in order to join the Sunni Kurdish groups fighting the regime of Saddam Hussain. When he arrived he made a deal with the Ansar Al Islam group to train their fighters in exchange for allowing Zarqawi and his men to stay in Iraq.

After the US coalition attacked Iraq in 2003, Zarqawi moved to form a group in Baghdad called Tawheed and Jihad to fight the occupying forces of the west. Zarqawi had limited resources but mysteriously donations to his movement began to come to him in the millions of dollars.

Zarqawi officially began his attacks against the American forces in Iraq in the Spring of 2004 but quickly decided to begin attacking the Shiite groups that were formed with the help of either the US or Iran and began by assassinating a prominent Shia cleric called Mohammd Baqir Alhakeem. With that assassination of Alhakeem, Zarqawi got what he wanted. A triggered war against the Shiites.

In October 2004, Zarqawi submitted to the leadership of Osama Bin Ladin, leader of the Al Qaeda group and changed the name of his group to Al Qaeda in Iraq “AQI”.

In 2006, Zarqawi was killed by a US air strike on his hideout in a neighborhood in Baghdad.

Abu Hamza Al Mohajir, and Egyptian lieutenant to Zarqawi was chosen to lead AQI after Zarqawi’s death.

But Al Mohajir leadership to AQI did not last long because he along with other groups operating in Iraq decided to join forces and form a new group called the Mujahidin Shura council with the continued submission to Al Qaeda and chose Abu Omar Albaghdadi leader for the group.

Abu Omar Al Baghdadi continued Zarqawi’s aggressive bombing campaign against shiites.

Baghdadi who claimed to have lineage to the prophet Mohammad took the name Albaghdadi Alqurashi for a short while operating as AQI.
But with the encouragement of others, Baghdadi fulfilled his and others’ dream of reestablishment of the Islamic state, which has been dead since 1922 with the death of the Ottoman empire after WWI and formed The Islamic State in Iraq opening the door for this group to eventually be known as ISIS.

Baghdadi’s leadership for the group was not effective and due to many tactical mistakes that he and his lieutenant Al Mohajir made, AQI was weakened and lost all the towns and areas that they controlled and finally they both were killed in a joint Iraqi US raid on their desert hideout in April 2010.

After the death of Baghdadi and Almohajir, Abu Bakr Albaghdadi was chosen lead The Islamic State in Iraq when it was a weak and dismantled organization. New blood was needed to revive the group and Albaghdadi chose to revive his relationship to the former Baath party officers whom he met at Camp Bucca when he was imprisoned by the US forces, for charges of leading a Jihadi group in the year 2006 and 2007.

The former Baath officers provided Al Baghdadi group with money, men and much needed organizational resources. The former Baathis saw in Baghdadi’s group a way for them to retake control of Iraq while Baghdadi realized from them, a much needed infusion of resources.

https://www.kalamullah.com/al-maqdisi.html

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